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Schedule of Lectures

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on September 17, 2008 at 11:11:46 am
 

Required Reading is in Bold Print & Articles for Possible Presentations are in Italics


WEEK 1: INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

• Introduction

• Dualism, Behaviorism, and Physicalism

- Clark, pp. 162-170

• Central Nervous System, Cortex, Synapses and Neurotransmitters



WEEK 2-3: COGNITIVE SCIENCE

• Philosophy of Cognitive Science: Applications, Implications, and Criticism

- Clark, pp. 1-27

- Smart, “Sensations and Brain Processes”: http://phil415.pbwiki.com/f/Smart.pdf

• Methods and Theories: Formal Logic, Connectionism, and Theoretical Neuroscience

- Clark, pp. 28-60

- Jeffrey, “Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits” (E-Reserve) (for logic background)

• Representation and Computation

- Clark, pp. 62-102

Chapter 3 & 4 Terms

 

Laughing and crying:

 

 


Read The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch, roughly up to page 140-- for Friday of Week 3, the rest of the book for Friday of Week 4. We will have discussion on Friday of week 4 with some video material, followed by an in-class quiz to ensure everyone has read the book. : )


Additionally, in week 3 we will construct a Turing Machine that multiplies two numbers entered in unary. If you find this too hard, just construct a Turing Machine that can tell whether a number is odd or even.



 

WEEK 4-5: ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE

• Functionalism, Formal Systems, and Computationalism

- Clark, pp. 103-119

• Universal Machines: Church-Turing Thesis and Gödel Coding

- Clark, pp. 120-138

- Turing, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”: http://phil415.pbwiki.com/f/TuringComputing.pdf

- Church, “An Unsolvable Problem of Elementary Number Theory” (E-Reserve)

• Computers with Minds

- Clark, 140-158

- Dennett, “The Practical Requirements for Making a Conscious Robot”: http://phil415.pbwiki.com/f/DennettPractical.pdf



 

WEEK 6: CONSCIOUSNESS

• Problems of Consciousness: Zombies, the Explanatory Gap, and the ‘Hard Problem’

- Nagel, “What Is it Like to Be a Bat?” (E-Reserve)

•Pathologies: Stroke, Agnosia, Depression, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Phantom Limbs

• The Unity of Consciousness and the Self

    • Locke, “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”, Book 2, Chapter 1, Section 19 (E-Reserve)

Bealer, “Self-Consciousness” (E-Reserve)



WEEK 7-10: PERSONAL IDENTITY

• Introduction: the Problems of Persistence and Personal Identity

- Perry, “The Problem of Personal Identity” in Perry, pp. 3-30

• The Psychological Approach

- Nagel, “Brain Bisection and the Unity of Consciousness” (E-Reserve)

- Unger, “The Survival of the Sentient” (E-Reserve)

• The Somatic Approach

- Mackie, “Personal Identity and Dead People” (E-Reserve)

• Memory Theory

- Locke, “Of Identity and Diversity” (Perry, pp. 33-52)

- Quinton, “The Soul” (Perry, pp. 53-72)

- Grice, “Personal Identity” (Perry, pp. 73-95)

• Criticisms of Memory Theory

- Reid, “Of Identity” and “Of Mr. Locke’s Account of Our Personal Identity” (Perry, pp. 107-118)

- Shoemaker, “Personal Identity and Memory” (Perry, pp. 119-134)

- Butler, “Of Personal Identity” (Perry, pp. 99-105)

- Perry, “Personal Identity, Memory, and the Problem of Circularity” (Perry, pp. 135- 154)

• David Hume and the Abandonment of Personal Identity

- Hume, “Our Idea of Identity”, “Of Personal Identity” and “Second Thoughts (Perry, pp. 159-176)

• Personal Identity and Survival

- Williams, “The Self and the Future” (Perry, pp. 179-198)

- Shoemaker, “Persons and their Past” (E-Reserve)

- Parfit, “Personal Identity” (Perry, pp. 199-220)

- Johnston, “Human Beings” (E-Reserve)

- Chisholm, “The Persistence of Persons” (E-Reserve)

• Four-Dimensionalism

- Heller, “Temporal Parts of Four-Dimensional Objects” (E-Reserve)

• Buddhism and Personal Identity (Guest Lecture)



 

WEEK 11-15: PAIN

• Introduction: the Philosophy of Pain vs. the Common-Sense Notion of Pain

- Aydede, “Introduction: A Critical and Quasi-Historical Essay on Theories of Pain” (Aydede, pp. 1-44)

• The Epistemology of Pain

- Dretske, “The Epistemology of Pain” (Aydede, pp. 59-72)

• Pathologies: Dissociation Problem, Pain Asymbolia, and Painfulness without Pain

• Sense-Datum Theories and Its Problems

- Perkins, “An Indirectly Realistic, Representational Account of Pain(ed) Perception” (Aydede, pp. 199-217)

• Physiologies: the Visual, Auditory and Somatosensory Systems

• Perceptual Theories

- Hill, “Ow! The Paradox of Pain” (Aydede, pp. 75-96)

- Pitcher, “Pain Perception” (E-Reserve)

• Representational Theory of Pain: Challenges and Defense

- Tye, “Another Look at Representationalism” (Aydede, pp. 99-118)

- Aydede, “The Main Difficulty with Pain” (Aydede, pp. 123-133)

- Tye, “In Defense of Representationalism: Reply to Commentaries” (Aydede, pp. 163-174)

- Block, “Bodily Sensations as on Obstacle for Representationalism” (Aydede, pp. 137-142)

- Maund, “Michael Tye on Pain and Representational Content” (Aydede, pp. 143-148)

• Introspection and Pain

- Price and Aydede, “The Experimental Use of Introspection in the Scientific Study of Pain and Its Integration with Third-Person Methodologies: The Experimental-Phenomenological” (Aydede, pp. 243-267)

• Animal Pain (Guest Lecture buy Bernie Rollin)

- Rollin, “Pain and Ethics

 

 



 

WEEK 16: FINALS WEEK

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